LAUNCH Lessons:
Trash-Free Lunch 6th-12th

This toolkit address the following Science and Engineering Practices (SEPs) within the Performance Expectations of NGSS for Grades: K-2 and 3-5

  • Asking Questions and Defining a Problem
  • Planning and Carrying out Investigations
  • Analyzing and Interpreting Data
  • Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
  • Obtaining Evaluating, and Communicating Information

Students will analyze their daily habits to see where they can reduce their waste, energy, and water usage.

Project Management

  • Students will keep track of how many resources they are saving.
  • Students will practice leadership skills by delegating tasks to each other.

Evaluation and Assessment
Students will track and evaluate the impact of their project.

Table of Contents

Stop Packing Trash!

Reduce your school’s lunchtime waste by starting a Trash Free Lunch program. Students who bring food from home will reduce waste by packing food and drinks in reusable containers instead of single use plastics in addition to bringing reusable utensils and cloth napkins. Reducing lunchtime waste goes a long way in creating a more sustainable school campus. By using this Trash Free Lunches Toolkit along with the Lunchtime Sorting Toolkit, your school will be a leader in reducing the amount of waste sent to landfills.

Within this toolkit, you’ll find various downloadable resources. For your convenience, you can access them all in one place by clicking on this link to view them in a Google Drive folder.

Toolkit Details

Why It's Important

Excess single-use packaging and waste from school lunches deplete natural resources and fill up our landfills contributing to the planet’s mounting plastic pollution crisis. The amount of waste produced by school time lunches is disproportionate from community to community. Underserved communities oftentimes have more single use packaging waste, resulting in more litter and trash going to landfills.

What You Will Accomplish

Trash Free Lunches reduce waste, save natural resources and cut down on greenhouse gas emissions that lead to climate change. Not only that, but by buying whole fruits, vegetables, and other foods in bulk–instead of prepackaged foods–families can save money and cut down on unhealthy, highly processed foods in their diet.

Why Should You Reduce Your Waste During Lunch?

The resources provided below can be shown as a slideshow or printed out as individual worksheets for students to learn.

Lunches Create a Lot of Waste

Whether you’re packing a full lunch for school, bringing a snack for recess or packing food to go somewhere on the weekends, choosing to pack Trash Free reduces waste, saves the environment and saves money! According to the EPA, the average American student creates 67 pounds of lunch packaging waste each school year. That’s more than 18,000 pounds (about the same weight as two elephants!) of plastic, paper, and other non-food materials for just one average-sized elementary school (EcoCycle). [1]

Plastic is Hard to Recycle

In 2021, only 5-6% of plastic was recycled in the United States! Until recently, the US sent most plastic waste to other countries like China and Turkey to get recycled, but this is no longer an option.( Most packaging is difficult to recycle because of the material(s) it is made with or it is contaminated with leftover food. Even when we put plastic in the recycle bin, most of it will still end up in a landfill. This plastic packaging is made from oil, a natural resource that requires energy to produce and release greenhouse gasses that cause climate change throughout its lifecycle. [2]

Choose to Go Trash-Free!

So what can you do about this? We all know the 3 Rs: Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle. Starting with the most important R, Reduce using single use items typically found in packed lunches. By making simple changes, like packing food and drinks in reusable containers and bringing reusable utensils/cloth napkins. You will reduce your waste and make your school and community more sustainable!

Why Litter is an Environmental Justice Issue

Waste is often classified as an environmental justice issue due to the implications associated with where it is transported. Recycling facilities, waste transfer stations, incinerators, and landfills are all largely placed in developing regions internationally or in disenfranchised communities within the US. Any one or a combination of these facilities can cause widespread pollution in addition to health issues to communities that live nearby.

Watch these two short videos to learn why it’s important to reduce your waste!

Think About It!

Pre-Activity Questions

  • What are the most common types of packaging you see in your lunch and the lunches of the students at your school?
  • What are some swaps you can make in your own lunch to use less packaging and make less waste?
  • What are some benefits of packing a Trash Free Lunch?

Take Action: How to LAUNCH Trash Free Lunch

Follow the steps below to set up a successful Trash Free Lunch Program at your school! Need help? Contact us!

Step 1: Who’s Participating?

  • Determine who and how many students/staff are participating. Use the Trash Free Lunch Sign Up Sheet.
  • Assign students to educate peers, share the program throughout the school community and/or keep track of the results.

Step 2: Plan It Out

Determine the date that you want to kick off your Trash Free Lunch campaign and if you want to encourage students to go Trash Free one time, one day each week, or every day using the Trash Free Lunch Organizer.

Step 3: Audit Your School’s Lunches

  • Schedule a day before your Trash Free Lunch campaign to count school lunches and how many are completely trash free or have some trash free items such as a reusable lunch box or water bottle. This is your “Audit.”
  • Print out the Trash Free Lunch Audit worksheet and head out to the lunch area with your team. Using tally marks, count the number of students at lunchtime who have brought a packed lunch to school. Out of those students, count how many students have completely Trash Free lunches, mostly Trash Free lunches and partially Trash Free lunches. A Trash Free Lunch is one in which all items can be eaten (or reused (i.e. Lunch box, water bottle, snack and food containers, utensil, napkin) and there are no single-use items or packaging. Fruit and veggie scraps such as a banana peel or apple core should be counted as Trash Free!
  • Record the data on the audit form and keep it somewhere you can access later to compare it to future audits that take place after your campaign.

If there are too many lunches to count, consider taking a large sample (about 100 students) and use what you’ve found to estimate the amounts for your whole school.

Step 4: Educate Your Classmates and School Staff

  • Teach your peers how and why to pack a Trash Free Lunch. Present the results of your audit and the Trash Free Lunch Script at a school assembly, over announcements or by going class to class.
  • Spread the word about the program on campus by making posters and posting these flyers (How To Pack a Trash Free Lunch and Pack This Not That flyers) around school, on your school’s website or in an online school newsletter.
  • It’s important to never look down on a student about bringing waste to school. Even one item in a reusable container should be celebrated! Reward all improvements with praise.

Step 5: Educate Families

Teach the parents at your school how and why to pack Trash Free for their students by sending home this flier in a school newsletter or posting it on the school’s website.

Step 6: Measure Your Impact

Using your Trash Free Lunch Audit worksheet, pick a date to audit your school’s lunches again.

  • If you are choosing a “single day” goal for your campus to be Trash Free, conduct your post audit on that day.
  • If you are choosing “one day a week” goal to be Trash Free, wait at least one week after your Campaign and conduct your audit on that day of the week.
  • If you are choosing to go Trash Free every day, you can audit the school lunches weekly or monthly to see how it’s going

Reflection Questions

How’d It Go?

  • What changes did you see in student’s food packing habits after educating about Trash Free Lunches? 
  • What single use items do you still see the most of?
  • What are some ways you can think of to reduce more waste during lunch?

Report Students’ Impact

Congratulations!! You’ve implemented Trash Free Lunch! Don’t let all that hard work go unnoticed. Submit your results by clicking the button below.

Project ongoing? No problem! Let us know what you’ve done so far. 

By reporting your impact, Grades of Green can:

  • CELEBRATE and elevate your students’ hard work and success. 
  • Offer our programs FREE for all students across the globe. 
  • AWARD stipends and certificates to hard-working educators and students.

Please take a few minutes to submit your results. Thank you!

Congrats on completing the Trash-Free Lunch Eco-Toolkit! 

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