Rescue Food From the Big Bad Trash Monster!
It’s time to stop sending wonderful, edible food to the landfill. Reduce your waste and share leftover food with this Campus Food Rescue Toolkit.
This toolkit address the following Science and Engineering Practices (SEPs) within the Performance Expectations of NGSS for Grades: K-2 and 3-5
- Asking Questions and Defining a Problem
- Planning and Carrying out Investigations
- Analyzing and Interpreting Data
- Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking
- Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
- Obtaining Evaluating, and Communicating Information
What You Will Accomplish
A campus food rescue program will cut down the amount of edible food that ends up going to a landfill, which will reduce methane emissions that lead to climate change. At the same time, this food can be repurposed to feed students on campus or community members who struggle with food insecurity.
- The USDA encourages the use of food donations and share tables and offers implementation guidance.
- To encourage institutions to donate healthy food that would otherwise go to waste, protection from criminal and civil liability is provided under the Good Samaritan Food Donation Act.
Teacher Project Plan Step-by-Step
Step 1: Determine Participants
Use our Campus Food Rescue Sign-Up Sheet Template
- Working with a small group of students? Pick one or two days per week to hold your food rescue and consider setting up a share box that will be available to hungry students on campus.
- Working with a larger team? Incorporate a food rescue system into your lunchtime routine every day and partner with an organization that will collect and distribute the food to community members in need.
Step 2: Set Learning Objectives
- Students will identify routines to accomplish their goal of rescuing edible food
- Determine the best method of introducing the Campus Food Rescue program with their peers (see Campus Food Rescue Organizer worksheet provided)
- Organize methods of delivering their message to peers (see Campus Food Rescue Peer Education Script).
- Identify a system to track peer Food Rescue progress (see Campus Food Rescue Audit worksheet provided) OR use the Careit App to track all your donations for you!
- Students will practice leadership skills by delegating tasks to one another as needed
- Students will research and connect with a partner organization to redistribute rescued food to members of the community facing food insecurity.
- Students will develop a logistics plan using the Campus Food Rescue Team Organizer Sheet to ensure food is successfully transported from campus to the partner’s facility.
Pro Tip: Find a partner organization and logistics plan through Careit.
Evaluation and Assessment
- Students will track and evaluate the impact of their project.
- Audit peer lunches periodically to evaluate the impact of Food Rescue education.
- Count the number of food donations made and saved from the landfill.
- Report the impact of their work to the school/city/community.
Step 3: Educate Students on the Social and Environmental Benefits of Rescuing Edible Foods
The resources provided below can be shown as a slideshow or printed out as individual worksheets for students to review.
Education Materials: Why Should You Host a Campus Food Rescue?
Food Waste Is Expensive
A lot of perfectly good food is wasted across the world every day for many different reasons. On school campuses, food waste usually happens because students don’t like the food that is served, are given more food than they can eat, or don’t have enough time to eat their entire meal. The result is a lot of food being thrown in the trash, which ends up in landfills. Reports estimate that U.S. schools waste 530,000 tons of food per year, which costs as much as $9.7 million a day to manage. 
Food Waste Heats Up the Earth
Food waste in landfills is a big contributor to climate change. When food breaks down in a landfill, it gives off methane, a powerful greenhouse gas. According to the Environmental Protection Agency, food is the single largest category of material placed in United States’ landfills and is the third-largest source of human-related methane emissions in the country. 
Food Can Be Repurposed
Safe and wholesome food that is currently being wasted could help feed families and individuals in need and reduce food insecurity. Each year, food banks like Feeding America rescue and redistribute around 3.6 billion pounds of food – only a small percentage of the food that could have been donated instead of going to a landfill. 
Watch this Short Video to Learn More on Reducing Food Waste at School
Why Food Waste is a Social Justice Issue
While industry level food production – animal factories and agricultural land – provides nutrition to a majority of individuals across the world, large-scale pollution is very often a consequence to populations living in close proximity to the production facilities. For example, these facilities are located in or near lower income communities. These underserved communities suffer from resource limitations, in addition to the health and environmental complications caused by mass food production. If we are able to capture and repurpose unused and uneaten food, overall food demand should lower.
Step 4: Pre-Activity Reflection Questions
Reflection and Educator Observation Questions
Use the following questions to guide students and reflect on what they’ve learned. Provided questions can be accessed in slideshow or worksheet format.
- What types of food do you see thrown away the most at school?
- Why do you think food waste is harmful to the planet?
- Can you think of places in your community where there is a need for food?
- What answers did you hear from the reflection questions?
Step 5: Take Action – Food Rescue Lesson Plan
Lead students through the “Campus Food Rescue” activity with guided instructions. Check out “Pro Tips” for additional help.
1. Assign Roles
- Determine who and how many students/staff are participating. Use the Campus Food Rescue Sign Up Sheet
- Assign participants to roles such as:
- Peer education and marketing
- Overseeing food collection at lunch
- Communicating and developing a plan with a partner organization
2. Meet Your School’s Decision Makers
Set up a meeting with your principal and custodial staff to obtain permission and discuss the best way to incorporate a food rescue program into your current lunchtime routine.
3. Connect With a Partner
- Find and connect with a partner organization that will either accept or redistribute your rescued food throughout the community like a foodbank, church, shelter or food rescue organization. Some organizations have the ability to come and collect food at your campus while others will ask that food be delivered to them. If food needs to be delivered, find a parent or staff volunteers who can help manage this.
- Work with the partner organization to determine how often food will be picked up in addition to the logistics of collecting food from campus (where it will be stored, how they will gain access to campus, etc.).
- Some partner organizations that we suggest reaching out to are:
- Alternatively, you can keep rescued food on campus by using a “share basket” so that the food can be given to other students who are still hungry or can be offered in after-school programs.
4. Pre-Food Rescue Observation
Before you begin your Campus Food Rescue program, have student volunteers observe how much edible food is wasted at the end of a lunch period. Estimate how much thrown out food could have been donated using this audit sheet.
5. Plan It Out
- Determine a date to kick off your Campus Food Rescue program
- Determine what foods you will be collecting and where it will be stored
- Non-perishable, unopened packaged foods and whole fruits can be stored in a secure location on campus until it is collected for redistribution.
- Perishable foods such as milk, juice and hot foods will need to be stored in a refrigerator or warming area on campus until it is redistributed. According to California health standards, cold food should be stored at 41ºF or below while hot foods should be stored at 140º or above prior to donation release.
- Create a schedule for your team to:
- Monitor the food collection at lunch to make sure that only the predetermined foods are placed in the food collection receptacles
- Collect rescued foods each day from the lunch area after all students have eaten and transport it to where it will be stored on campus
- Use the Campus Food Rescue Organizer resource to keep track of your schedule
6. Educate Your Classmates and School Staff
Use this script to educate your community how and why rescuing edible food is good for the planet and community.
7. Set up Your Food Rescue Station in the Lunch Area
- Work with your custodial and lunch staff to determine the best method of collecting edible foods during lunch
- Find a table and receptacles for students to place their uneaten foods
8. Kick Off Your Food Rescue Program
- On your predetermined date, make sure the entire school community knows that your campus food rescue program is starting. Use announcements or a school newsletter to spread the word. Customize this template for your announcements.
- Have student volunteers in the lunch area remind students which items can be sorted into food rescue and make sure that only those items are placed in the containers.
- Using the Campus Food Rescue Audit, keep track of how much and what type of food is being collected. These totals can be used for the Campus Food Rescue Organizer and should be compared with the Pre-Project Audit to measure your impact.
- After all students have eaten, scheduled student volunteers should record donated food on the Campus Food Rescue Organizer and transport it to a secure area on campus to be stored until it is redistributed to your partner organization.
Step 6: Post-Activity Reflection Questions
Student Reflection and Real World Application Questions
- What foods are donated to the food rescue most often?
- Explain how you and your peers have become more aware about food waste since doing this project?
- What have you enjoyed the most about doing this project?
Real World Application
What will change in your life now that you have completed this project?
Step 7: Report Students’ Impact
Compile all the data that your teams gathered and complete Campus Food Rescue Wrap Up Form.
- Campus Food Rescue Sign-up sheet
- Campus Food Rescue Organizer
- Campus Food Rescue Peer Education Script
- Campus Food Rescue Pre-Project Audit
- Campus Food Rescue Audit
- Campus Food Rescue Wrap Form
- Share Basket Signs
- Food Donation Signs
- Food Rescue Newsletter/Announcement
Congrats on completing Campus Food Rescue Program Eco-Toolkit!
Did you enjoy this toolkit? Find your next project here!