Create a clean, green oasis at your school by adopting a spot!

Help your students keep their school campus litter-free by “Adopting a Spot!” The same way they would adopt a new puppy or pet, once students adopt a spot, they have the amazing opportunity to take responsibility for a designated location and keep it clean and healthy!

Toolkit Details


This toolkit address the following Science and Engineering Practices (SEPs) within the Performance Expectations of NGSS for Grades: K-2 and 3-5

  • Asking Questions and Defining a Problem
  • Planning and Carrying out Investigations
  • Analyzing and Interpreting Data
  • Using Mathematics and Computational Thinking
  • Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
  • Obtaining Evaluating, and Communicating Information

Why It’s Important

Litter damages the environment, harms animals and people, wastes municipal or district money, and makes communities feel neglected and under-valued. 

What You Will Accomplish

Students take action to ensure a specific campus area(s) stay litter-free.

Teacher Project Plan Step-by-Step

Step 1: Determine Participants

Use our Adopt-A-Spot Sign-Up Sheet Template

  • Working with a small group of students? Choose 1 or 2 campus spots to adopt.
  • Working with a larger team? Split up into groups and each adopt a different campus spot.
  • Is your whole school involved? Split up by classroom or grade level and identify a campus spot for each group.

Step 2: Set Learning Objectives


  • Students will analyze their campus for litter “hot spots”
    • Examples
      • Count the number of pieces of litter found in a specified area over a five minute period of time
      • Discuss which areas would be most impacted by litter (environmentally, economically or socially)
      • Evaluate which areas are most accessible or safe for litter collection

Project Management

Evaluation and Assessment

  • Students will track and evaluate the impact of their project
    • Examples
      • Take a weekly photo of the adopted spot to compare litter collected week-over-week 
      • Tally of pieces/bags of litter collected to compare litter collected week-over-week 
      • Report the impact of their work to the school/city/community

Step 3: Educate Students on the Environmental Impact of Litter

Educate your students on the environmental impacts of litter. The resources provided can be shown as a slideshow or printed out as individual worksheets for students to learn.

Education Materials: Why Litter is Rubbish!

People Make A LOT of Litter!

You might only see a few pieces of litter on your street, but researchers found that on average there are more than 13 thousand pieces of litter per mile of American roadway.  All together, it’s estimated there are 51 billion pieces of litter on all US roads at any moment. [1] If you add in ocean litter, there are more pieces of plastic in the seas than there are stars in the galaxy.

Litter Travels!

A plastic wrapper dropped in the parking lot doesn’t stay there for long. It gets blown to the curb, washed through storm drains into rivers, and out to sea. Scientists estimate that almost 9 million tons of plastic litter end up in the ocean—every year. This is the equivalent of five grocery bags filled with plastic trash sitting on every foot of coastline around the world. [2]

Litter Hurts!

Litter affects animal and human health. It’s estimated that over 1 million land animals and 100 million sea animals die each year after eating or becoming trapped in litter. Litter also releases chemicals and microparticles as it breaks down in the environment. These toxic particles end up in the air that we breathe, the soil where we grow food and in the water we drink. [3]

Litter is Contagious!

When people see litter or others littering, they are more likely to litter themselves. In fact, research shows that about 15% of littering activities are motivated by existing litter in an environment. [4]

Watch these two short videos to learn why it’s important to keep your campus clean!

Heal The Bay follows the journey of a plastic bag.

A lesson on littering.

Why Litter is a Social Justice Issue

Communities with higher average incomes tend to have more waste hauling and sanitation services than those with lower average incomes making litter an environmental justice issue. People in underserved communities are more likely to live amongst trash, and the litter that accumulates in these areas can have serious health effects. Communities that are underserved are more likely to be affected by microplastics, harmful pieces of plastic that harm oceans and wildlife, because the food they eat is more likely to be contaminated by microplastics, creating a health hazard. In addition to the physical problems, studies have also shown that litter can have a negative psychological impact on humans due to the emotional connection people have with nature. It is important to make sure that all communities have the resources to remove litter.


Step 4: Pre-Activity Reflection Questions

Reflection and Educator Observation Questions

Use the following questions to guide students and reflect on what they’ve learned. Provided questions can be accessed in slideshow or worksheet format.

Reflection Questions

  • Describe places in your school or community where you see a lot of litter.
  • What kinds of litter do you see? What are the most common types?
  • Why do you think these items become litter so often?
  • Why do you think you may sometimes look past litter when you see it?

Educator Observation

  • What answers did you hear from the reflection questions?

Step 5: Take Action – Adopt-A-Spot Lesson Plan

Lead students through the “Adopt-A-Spot” activity with guided instructions. Check out “Pro Tips” with each step for useful help:

1. Assign Roles

2. Map it Out

Look at a map of your school or neighborhood. Make a list of areas that are full of litter and can be “up for adoption”.

It’s amazing how much more people care about something once they’ve given it a name. Just like you would name a pet, naming “your” spot can build a real feeling of ownership and pride. (Plus, it’s fun!)

3. Prepare Your Materials

Gather your litter collection supplies and choose an accessible location where they can be stored.


  • Garden Gloves
  • Trash Grabbers
  • Buckets
  • Bags for trash and for recycling
  • Clipboards with printed litter tracker for each team
  • Writing utensil

4. Make a Schedule

Decide a time for each group to begin cleaning the litter in their spots. Set up a schedule to check on your spot and keep it clean daily, weekly, or monthly depending on the needs of your spot. 

  • Determine the start and end dates of your campaign. If it is ongoing, plan to check in from time to time to monitor your progress.
  • Use our Adopt-A-Spot Team Organizer to help keep your team organized.
  • Remember to keep your team safe!

Take pictures of your team working in “your” spot. Everyone loves to see themselves and their friends in action. It’s a great way to build a sense of belonging and community. Create a unique hashtag or social media page for your photos.   

You never know what strange and unexpected items a litter pick-up will uncover. Keep a “treasures” list and read the list periodically. Being a litter-buster has a fun side!

5. Track Your Impact

Each group that has a spot should track their progress with our Adopt-A-Spot Litter Tracker. Collect sheets weekly to keep track of your impact.

Take note if certain items are littered more than others, or at different times of the year – like fun-size candy wrappers after Halloween. Are there things you could do to reduce these items?
Recycle or compost as much of the waste as you can. (Contact your city or waste hauler to find out more)

Create a leader board or use the Litterati app to track your litter pick up to see who picks up the most. Offer a prize for the winning person, team, or classroom!

Step 6: Post-Activity Reflection Questions

Student Reflection and Real World Application Questions

Student Reflection

Once your teams have completed 3-5 Spot Clean-Ups, use the questions below to have students reflect on their Adopt-A-Spot Campaign.

  • What were some small wins that happened during your project?
    • Examples: we found a dollar coin, met my lifelong friends, collected 10 bags of trash
  • What could you do to up your game next time?
    • Examples: use gloves (ew!), collect trash more frequently, write down what we found
  • What’s the coolest thing you found?
    • Examples: snowboard, diamond ring, left AirPod Pro Headphone
  • Which items of litter did you find the most of?
    • Examples: cigarette butts, plastic bags, plastic forks

Real World Application

What will change in your life now that you have completed this project?

Step 7: Report Students’ Impact

Compile all the data that your teams gathered and complete Adopt-A-Spot Wrap Up Form

Provided Resources